|Some artworks, guides, maps...|
Klaus Störtebeker (1360 - Hamburg, 1400 or 1401) was a German pirate of the North Sea and Baltic Sea and the most famous leader of the so-called Vitalienbrüder, the extraordinary privateers in the war between the Swedes and the Danish and the powerful Hanseatic League. "Victual Brothers" because originally they were hired to supply the besieged city of Stockholm with provisions.
After the end of the war, the "Brothers" continued to capture merchant ships by themselves (by true pirates) and renamed "Likedeelers" (literally: equal sharers). At the helm of their power they also plundered Bergen in Norway and posed a huge threat to any commercial vessel on the Baltic Sea and (later, when they were driven from their base in Visby, Gotland) and the North Sea.
He was finally captured by the Hanseatic League, which had put in place enormous resources, and executed by decapitation, along with his companions. A skull of these, found in Hamburg, was used to suggest a hypothetical "reconstruction".
|Hanseatic Cog (ship) from 1380s|
The Swabian War (Schwaben- oder Schweizerkrieg) broke out due to the ancient contrasts between the Habsburgs ant the Swiss Cantons, and in this case was the territorial controversy between the Grisons and the Habsburg Duke of Tyrol (the Emperor Maximilian) to turn on again the fuse.
The conflict expanded from the Rhine Valley to the Lake Constance; saw small-scale clashes but bloody looting. Imperial troops were finally defeated at Dornach on July 22, 1499.
The battle saw the complete triumph of the Swiss Cantons (Old Swiss Confederacy) on the imperial Swabian League and ended the Swabian War.
Among the Swiss fighters there were 5000 from Bern, 400 from Zurich, 600 from Lucerne, plus contingents from Uri, Zug and Unterwalden. The arrival of the Lucerne and Zug soldiers was decisive for the victory over Maximilan's army (16,000 men).
The battle was a key step in the history of the Swiss Confederation.
In the figure is depicted a Standard-bearer from the mighty city of Bern, with the typical feather turban and the transition clothes between the fashion of the 15th century and the much more extravagant "slasing" fashion of the 16th century.
The attack was led by the men of Berne.
The standard bearer of the picture carries the flag and colors of Hans von Hallwyl, a Swiss army commander.
Hans Franz Nägeli was Supreme Commander of the Bernese troops in the conquest of Vaud (1536), during the war agaist Savoy.
In the campain of March 1536 he conquered Chateau Chillon and Lausanne; the conquest of the Pays de Vaud was completed on the 29th March 1536, the day when the wonderful castle of Chillon (http://www.chillon.ch/en/castle) fell.
This figure is based on the beautiful “Schützenbrunnen” and “Vennerbrunnen”, two of the many charming sculture-fountain of Bern, made by the Master Hans Gieng in the years between 1542 and 1543. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Gieng
The illustration depicts Nägeli in half-harness, with the typical broad-brimmed plumed hat.
The sculpture of the "Vennerbrunnen" in Bern
This evening the italian translation of the broadcast ("Il fuoco di spade: la spada dei lanzichenecchi")! History Channel, September 5, 2017
The Landsknechts were chosen to show the typical "Katzbalger" sword, the theme of the episode's final challenge.
FORGED IN FIRE: Season 4, Episode 3: The Katzbalger
First Aired: April 18, 2017FORGED IN FIRE, S4, E3, The Katzbalger
Watch the Bonus:
Forged in Fire Bonus: What is a Katzbalger?
1524: the revolt spreads along the Rhine, the Danube, the Lake Constance, in the Black Forest, in Swabia, Franconia. Peasants storm monasteries and castles.
This beautiful castle, one of the most picturesque and iconic castles in
The castle was besieged in 1405 by the troops from Appenzell (Appenzeller Kriege, Wars of Appenzell); during the 15th and 16th centuries (largely under the Bernhausen family) he took on its Gothic appearance. In 1633, during the Thirty Years War, he was attacked and looted by the Swedish troops.
From 1684 it was a small summer residence of the Abbots of St. Gallen. Today it is privately owned and a restaurant.
Food illustration + Historical illustration? My tribute to Austrian bakery, to "Wiener Kaffeekultur" and to the most extraordinary cake (the ORIGINAL Sacher-Torte).
Imperial Knight and mercenary, with his “Iron Hand” (metal prosthesis with moving mechanism).
In 1475 the Bernese, with Fribourg, conquered large parts of the Vaud Savoyard, which was allied with the Burgundians. During the month of August the Bernese attacked the castle of Aigle, to end the restless deployment of enemy troops.
Legend says that when the Battle of Murten ended (1476) a messenger covered the distance from Murten to Fribourg to bring the good news of the victory of the Swiss over Charles the Bold and a Linden branch, but died immediately afterwards for the fatigue.
The citizens of Fribourg took the Linden branch and planted it in memory of the messenger. Even today, the "Tilleul de Morat" (Murten) stands opposite the town hall, in the well preserved old town of Fribourg.
|Roman Legionary, 60 AD|
|Roman "Imagifer", Auxilia Palatina, 286-300 AD|
Here the Magazine "Miroque" with the illustrations of Roman Soldiers:
|Britannic Warrior, 1st century AD|
|Germanic Warrior, 2nd century AD|
There are many wrong informations about the life and the general appearance of the people who lived in the late Antiquity/Dark Ages.
First of all: folks were not always short!
According to the data of the beautiful Archaeologisches Landesmuseum Baden-Württemberg in Konstanz (average height of the men at
172 cm and at 162 cm for the women in
Alamannic area, www.konstanz.alm-bw.de), the archaeologist of the Oxford University Sally Crawford
writes about the Anglo-Saxons:
“(the earliest cemeteries) show that the population buried in these Germanic burial grounds was a little taller than the population associated to the late Romano-British cemeteries, with males standing at about
173 cm and females at 162 cm on average. (…) The
evidence from the early Anglo-Saxon inhumation cemeteries shows that the
population was relatively healty, with little bone evidence for diseases caused
by malnutrition or deficiency in the diet.”
©Sally Crawford, “Anglo-Saxon England”, Shire Publications, 2011, page 65.
The results of the measurements of Charlemagne's tibia indicates that he was